Fly fishing rods are designed to cast a fly which normally consists of a hook that is tied with feathers, fur, foam, or other lightweight material. They are thin and flexible.
Fly rods were originally made using yew, green hart and in later years split bamboo. However, nowadays, they are commonly made using man-made composite materials such as fiberglass and graphite.
Rather than a weighted lure being used, a fly rod uses the weight of the fly line for casting. It is possible to cast a very small and light fly when using a lightweight rod. It is typical that a monofilament segment, which is commonly called a leader be tied to the fly line at one end and the fly on the other.
The selection of a fly fishing rod can be a challenge for some people and you also need a technique to use them. However, listed below is some important information that should be taken into consideration before making your final selection.
Fly fishing rods – Types by Materials
As stated above fly rods are made out of fiberglass or graphite. Each of these has its benefits.
Fiberglass fly rods
The fiberglass rod can be used by both experts and beginners in most fishing conditions. It is a durable material which can generally cope with wear a great deal better than those made of graphite.
Graphite fly rods
The graphite rods are more expensive than those that are made of fiberglass. However, lightweight graphite fly rods are generally more accurate at casting.
Fly fishing rods actions
It is also important to determine the flexibility of a rod, as the different levels of flexibility make a difference in the casting out of the rod and also the reeling in of a fish.
Slow-action fly rods
These particular rods are ideal for reeling in small lightweight fish. They have the most bend which makes them more difficult for beginners to control. However, they are the most accurate for short distance casting.
Medium-action fly fishing rods
These are found to be easier for beginners to control. They have little flexibility whereby the rod bends in the middle and at the tip. They can be used for long or short distance casting.
Fast-action fly rods
These are stiffer and only bend at the end of the rod which means that they do not have much give. These rods are a great choice for long distance casting as well as reeling in large fish. Beginners very often find these fly rods to be difficult to control because they do not provide the accuracy of a short distance rod.
Bamboo fly rods provide a light and good-looking alternative.
The length of fly fishing rods is also a very important factor. There is generally less action from a shorter rod than longer rods. This is because they generate less torque when casting and reeling. A rod that is long enough to provide a good distance of casting will be required for beginners.
However, the rod should not be too long so that it is possible to maneuver in the water. A rod of a medium size, between eight and nine feet, will provide the action, casting control and strength that you will require.
If you wish to fish with your fly fishing rod in areas that are situated close to trees, bushes, streams or other objects that may restrict your movement, then it is advised to use a rod that is shorter than eight feet.
If you require a longer casting distance, then a medium-sized, eight or nine foot, should be used. And select a large fly fishing rod, more than nine feet, if you wish to make longer castings and follow big game fish.